Capitalize the first word in a quotation if the quotation is a complete sentence or if it is an interjection, an incomplete question, or fragmentary response.
Correct: He said, “Why did you come back?”
(Quotation is a sentence by itself.)Incorrect: She replied, “you wanted me to.”
(A fragmentary response, you needs a capital.)
A quotation is not capitalized if it is not a complete sentence and is part of the larger sentence.
Correct: I believe it was a “far, far better thing” to have confessed the crime.
(This quotation from Dickens is part of the larger sentence and is not a complete sentence in itself.)
Vinnie’s mom is on her cell talking to Vinnie’s dad, “Al, I wish you were here to see Vinnie, Joey, Larry, and Sara playing on the deck. They’re behaving. They ate all of the hummus and celery snacks I gave them. I think Sara is a good influence on the boys. It was Vinnie’s idea to get her involved. Our Vinnie is beginning to grow up.”
Meanwhile, out on the deck . . .
A horn beeps three times. Joey jumps on top of the deck railing, and leaps to the ground. He fails to stick the landing and tumbles over. He quickly recovers and runs to the fence. Joey raises his arm over the top edge of the fence and yells, “Over here, Mom.”
A woman’s voice from the outside of the fence. “I got a large pepperoni, sausage, and extra cheese pizza. A dozen of chocolate chip cookies, and four cold Coke’s.”
Joey hollers, “One sec, Mom. I need help.”
Joey presses his forefinger and middle finger to his lips and makes a shrieking whistle sound causing Dexter to howl.
Vinnie says, “Sara, help me get the goods.”
“What goods?” asks Sara.
“Don’t ask and you won’t have to answer,” says Vinnie climbing onto the railing and jumping off sticking the landing. He turns around toward Sara, “Well?”
Sara rolls her eyes, climbs on the railing and jumps off sticking the landing.
“Not bad for the first try,” says Vinnie as he takes off toward Joey.
“It was as good as yours,” says Sara running after Vinnie.
“Was not,” says Vinnie.
“Was too,” says Sara.
A large pizza box appears on top of the fence. Joey grabs hold of it and passes it to Vinnie who passes it to Sara. A bag containing a dozen chocolate chip cookies appears next on top of the fence, Joey takes it and tosses it to Vinnie. Vinnie and Sara Run toward the deck. Joey follows behind them running like a fullback, only he’s not carrying a football, he’s carrying four Coke’s in a bag.
“We can’t go back on the deck, Mom will see us,” says Vinnie.
“Where can we go, I don’t want to get in trouble,” says Sara.
Larry hollers from the side of the house, “Over here near the trash container.”
Vinnie’s mom glances out toward the deck as she walks by the window. Her internal alert siren goes off. She goes to the door leading to the deck, “Vinnie.”
Vinnie steps out from the side of the house, “Over here, Mom.”
Vinnie’s mom steps out onto the dec, “What’s going on?”
“Nothing, Mom, why?”
“Something’s going on. Don’t tell me nothing because I know nothing is not going on.”
“How many negatives did you use in that sentence. It’s confusing.”
Vinnie’s mom tries to remember the sentence. “Vincent. I know your tricks. What is going on?”
“When, Mom. We gots lots of stuff going on,” says Vinnie.
Vinnie’s mom steps off the desk and walks over to the side of the house. Dexter is finishing the last piece of pizza. Joey, Larry, and Sara are eating a chocolate chip cookie and drinking a Coke.
“Where did you get this food?” asks Vinnie’s mom.
Joey starts to speak, but Vinnie grabs his arm. Vinnie says, “This is the truth, Mom. An arm came over the top of the fence and handed us all this good stuff.”
“Joey, did you call your mom and ask her to bring over some food?” says Vinnie’s mom.
“No, Mrs. Ricci. Vinnie asked me to text her.”
Maintaining five healthy habits can add more than a decade to your life:
- Eating a healthy diet.
- Exercising regularly
- Keeping a healthy body weight.
- Not drinking too much alcohol.
- Not smoking — during adulthood.